33. 89. Mixed marriages between a Christian male and a Mohammedan or pagan female shall be governed by the general provision of this Title and not by those of the last preceding article, but mixed marriages between a Mohammedan or pagan male and a Christian female may be performed under the provisions of the last preceding article if so desired by the contracting parties, subject, however, in the latter case to the provisions of the second paragraph of said article. Juridical persons mentioned in Nos. When the courts declared a law to be inconsistent with the Constitution, the former shall be void and the latter shall govern. 16. & Its Modifications, Book 3: Different Modes of Acquiring Ownership. If in a criminal case the judgment of acquittal is based upon reasonable doubt, the court shall so declare. 1106 to 1155, Civil Code of the Philippines Prescription. (11a), Art. 1 and 2 of the preceding article are governed by the laws creating or recognizing them. Kris Aquino, sister of former president B.S. (34a), Art. If either of the contracting parties is unable to produce his baptismal or birth certificate or a certified copy of either because of the destruction or loss of the original, or if it is shown by an affidavit of such party or of any other person that such baptismal or birth certificate has not yet been received though the same has been requested of the person having custody thereof at least fifteen days prior to the date of the application, such party may furnish in lieu thereof his residence certificate for the current year or any previous years, to show the age stated in his application or, in the absence thereof, an instrument drawn up and sworn to before the local civil registrar concerned or any public official authorized to solemnize marriage. Pre-judicial questions which must be decided before any criminal prosecution may be instituted or may proceed, shall be governed by rules of court which the Supreme Court shall promulgate and which shall not be in conflict with the provisions of this Code. Penal laws and those of public security and safety shall beobligatory upon all who live or sojourn in the Philippine territory, subject to theprinciples of public international law and to treaty stipulations. Heads of State and Ambassadors(Note: Consuls are subject to the jurisdiction of our criminal courts.)Art. (4a). - Different Kinds of Easements Art. 70. For civil purposes, the fetus is considered born if it is alive at the time it is completely delivered from the mother’s womb. 16. (1a), Art. Art. In Tayag vs. Benguet consolidated, the SC said that Philippine law shall govern incases involving shares of stock of a Philippine corporation even if the owner is in theUS.Art. An easement or servitude is an encumbrance imposed upon an immovable for the benefit of another immovable belonging to … This notice shall request all persons having knowledge of any impediment to the marriage to advise the local registrar thereof. 60. Penal laws and those of public security and safety shall be obligatory upon all who live or sojourn in the Philippine territory, subject to the principles of public international law and to treaty stipulations. However, if the fetus had an intra-uterine life of less than seven months, it is not deemed born if it dies within twenty-four hours after its complete delivery from the maternal womb. Under the Civil Code of the Philippines, the legitime is given to and/or shared by the compulsory heirs of the decedent. These certificates or certified copies of the documents required by this article need not to be sworn to and shall be exempt from the documentary stamp tax. When the accused in a criminal prosecution is acquitted on the ground that his guilt has not been proved beyond reasonable doubt, a civil action for damages for the same act or omission may be instituted. (35a). 18. 1305. No priest or minister not having the required authorization may solemnize marriage. Administrative or executive acts, orders and regulations shall be valid only when they are not contrary to the laws or the Constitution. 14. The public official in charge of registration of priests and ministers shall cancel the authorization issued to a bishop, head, priest, rabbi, pastor or minister of the gospel of any denomination, church, sect, or religion, on his own initiative or at the request of any interested party, upon showing that the church, sect or religion whose ministers have been authorized to solemnize marriage is no longer in operation. (1a) Art. 40,41,42 and 43 February 13, 2017 Family Code of the Philippines:Rules on the Forfeiture of the Share of the Guilty Spose February 13, 2017 The effect of death upon the rights and obligations of the deceased is determined by law, by contract and by will. (25a), Art. In matters which are governed by the Code of Commerce andspecial laws, their deficiency shall be supplied by the provisions of this Code. It was enacted in 1950. 35. civil code. The marriage so contracted shall be valid in any of the three cases until declared null and void by a competent court. Rights may be waived, unless the waiver is contrary to law, public order, public policy, morals, or good customs, or prejudicial to a third person with a right recognized by law. July 6, 1987. A marriage may be annulled for any of the following causes, existing at the time of the marriage: (1) That the party in whose behalf it is sought to have the marriage annulled was between the ages of sixteen and twenty years, if male, or between the ages of fourteen and eighteen years, if female, and the marriage was solemnized without the consent of the parent, guardian or person having authority over the party, unless after attaining the ages of twenty or eighteen years, as the case may be, such party freely cohabited with the other and both lived together as husband and wife; (2) In a subsequent marriage under Article 83, Number 2, that the former husband or wife believed to be dead was in fact living and the marriage with such former husband or wife was then in force; (3) That either party was of unsound mind, unless such party, after coming to reason, freely cohabited with the other as husband or wife; (4) That the consent of either party was obtained by fraud, unless such party afterwards, with full knowledge of the facts constituting the fraud, freely cohabited with the other as her husband or his wife, as the case may be; (5) That the consent of either party was obtained by force or intimidation, unless the violence or threat having disappeared, such party afterwards freely cohabited with the other as her husband or his wife, as the case may be; (6) That either party was, at the time of marriage, physically incapable of entering into the married state, and such incapacity continues, and appears to be incurable. The local civil registrar shall issue the proper license if each of the contracting parties swears separately before him or before any public official authorized to administer oaths, to an application in writing setting forth that such party has the necessary qualifications for contracting marriage. Article 1868 of the Civil Code states that by the contract of agency, a person (agent) binds himself to render some service or to do something in representation or on behalf of another (principal), with the consent or authority of the latter. No particular form for the ceremony of marriage is required, but the parties with legal capacity to contract marriage must declare, in the presence of the person solemnizing the marriage and of two witnesses of legal age, that they take each other as husband and wife. > If the offended party seeks to enforce civil liability against accused by way of moral, nominal, temperate, or exemplary damages (other than actual), the following are the bases for docket fees: o If amount other than actual damages is stated, it will be based on the stated amount The local civil registrar shall post during ten consecutive days at the main door of the building where he has his office a notice, the location of which shall not be changed once it has been placed, setting forth the full names and domiciles of the applicants for a marriage license and other information given in the application. 92. 35. This Code shall take effect one year after such publication. (n), Art. Art. 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