Secretary of State 4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a plural executive? These directors are supported by a chief deputy director and usually several deputy directors, all of whom are also political appointees by the governor. Section 8 provides the Governor authority to grant a reprieve, pardon and commutation, except for cases of impeachment. 2. Insurance Commissioner 7. Start studying POLS 301 - California's Plural Executive. • The Legislature and California Constitution Article IV (part II) Just like the agency appointees, the department appointees are political appointees and are subject to confirmation by the state senate. This system is mainly found in American states, particularly Texas. Could the State Supreme Court become involved in such a conflict of powers and authority? By Chris Micheli, March 8, 2019 7:10 am. No state officer may accept any honorarium. The plural executive consists of multiple positions that are elected in order to separate powers in the executive branch. Definition of plural executive. a. plural; split among several Constitutional officers b. unitary; concentrated in the governor alone c. singular; split between the governor and the department heads he appoints d. none of the above 17. answered Feb 21, 2019 by jmsalinas96 . SF BAY CONSERVATION AND SEISMIC SAFETY COMMISSION Richard McCarthy Director OFFICE Of ADMINISTRATIVE LAW Kenneth Pogue Director OFFICE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT State Controller 6. These agencies also have a second-in-command, called the undersecretary, as well as deputy secretaries, all of whom are political appointees by the governor. There are essentially three levels to the executive branch in California’s state government. A second interesting facet of the Mayor Newsom episode is the particular way in which the California Supreme Court repudiated his actions. Section 4 provides the Governor can require officers and agencies to furnish information related to their duties. Section 10 provides that the Lieutenant Governor will become Governor when a vacancy occurs, during an impeachment, when the Governor is out of the state, or when the Governor has a temporary disability. Could the two hoouse arrangement create conflict between the houses and the plural executive? CHAPTER 9 California’s Plural Executive: Governor Plus Seven 75 CHAPTER 10 Paying the Bills: California’s Budget Struggles 86 CHAPTER 11 California Courts and Judges 97 CHAPTER 12 Criminal Justice and Civil Law 106 CHAPTER 13 City Governments: Providing the Basics 115 CHAPTER 14 Counties, Special Districts, and Education K–Graduate 124 CHRIS MICHELI DISSECTS CALIFORNIA LIKE NO ONE ELSE—ONLY ON THE GLOBE: Under term limits, an individual may only run for one type of statewide office in his or her lifetime. comparative-politics-and-area-studies; 0 Answers. Plural Executive. The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the Senate, but may only cast a vote on a tie. According to the University of Texas at Austin, a plural executive system of government limits the power of the executive, which could be a president or governor, by distributing power across several elected leaders. As the head of the Executive br… They also wield enormous influence in multiple ways and they often play the significant role by interpreting and applying the laws of the state. The executive branch of California’s state government is set forth in Article V of the state constitution and is one of the three branches of state government, just like at the federal level. The plural executive limits the power of executive officials and makes these officers more accountable to the public, but it can be inefficient at times. Independent agencies – these are the entities that, even though they may have appointees by the governor, serve independently from direct influence by the chief executive, such as the University of California, which is set forth in the state constitution and whose regents serve 12-year terms. 08 Mar 2019 7:10 am. Arizona has a "plural executive." It is called the plural executive because more than one executive position, such as the Lieutenant Governor, State Controller, etc., are elected. Section 14 provides that no state officer shall knowingly receive any salary, wages, commissions, or other earned income from a lobbyist or a lobbying firm. Section 7 provides that the Governor is the commander in chief of the militia and may call upon it to execute the laws of the state. Attorney General 3. Usually they are similar, but there can be some important differences. The executive, Under a Parliamentary system the real executive is the cabinet, plural, no doubt, but the cabinet, headed by the Prime Minister, is a unit which provides political leadership. Section 2 states the Governor is elected every four years, that he or she must be a U.S. citizen, and that that must have been a California resident for the past five years. The agencies are the highest level, who are headed by an agency secretary appointed by the governor and who serve as members of the governor’s cabinet. Executive branch is one of the three branches in a government. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be executive branches e.g. : a group of officers or major officials (as a board of directors) or a committee that functions in making current decisions or in giving routine orders usually the responsibility of an individual executive officer or official. Did you know that not all states arrange their government in the same way the federal government does? Under term limits, executive officers in California may only be elected to two 4-year terms. The major distinction is that the state has a governor and the federal government has a president. It has an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. • the director of the state department of education. Section 5 allows the Governor to fill a constitutional office vacancy by appointment, subject to confirmation by both the Assembly and Senate. The executive branch of Arizona's government is charged with implementing and enforcing the laws much like the executive branch of the federal government. Such committees go by various names-Management Committee, Corporate Policy Committee, Operating Policy Committee etc. The extent of the authority of these committees varies considerably, although their influence on decision making is perhaps greater in strategic planning than in any other area. • The Legislature and California Constitution Article IV (part I) Could the two hoouse arrangement create conflict between the houses and the plural executive? Section 10 provides the Lieutenant Governor will become Governor when a vacancy occurs. Those two kinds of executive often debated by politicians, which one is the best for the It comes into office as a unit, it functions as a unit and goes out of office as a unit, and collective responsibility is the method by which this unity is secured and enforced. Lieutenant Governor 2. They wield enormous influence and play a significant role by interpreting and applying the laws of the state. Arizona's government consists of three branches of government just like the US federal government. Section 9 requires the Lieutenant Governor to have the same qualifications as the Governor. The other executive positions are: 1. Section 3 requires the Governor to report on the condition of the state to the Legislature. This results in a much weaker chief executive. Photos, maps, and cartograms illustrate California’s diversity, government in action, and citizen engagement. Many companies form executive or management committees to develop basic policies and adopt major strategies. Section 13 provides that the Attorney General is the chief law officer of the state and it is his or her duty to uniformly and adequately enforce the laws of the state. And they often have enforcement authority over the individuals or entities that they regulate, with great diversity, such as funeral directors to barbers and cosmetologists. Lesson #2: Divided Is Conquered? The public elects most of the executive officials, making them accountable to voters as opposed to one top leader. 0 votes. State Treasurer 5. Detail the components of California’s bicameral legislature. The major distinction is that the state has a governor and the federal government has a president. Required fields are marked *. The first level is what political scientists refer to as plural executives. In fact, there are over 200 of them in state government. Section 1 vests the executive power in the Governor and his or her administration. Charts, graphs, and tables illustrate campaign and election trends, demographic patterns, and budgeting trends. Your email address will not be published. Please review this before anwering essay. Ambitious Assertion of Plural Executive Power Can Undermine the Entirety of Executive Authority and Independence. Finally, choose one position and explain at least two of the position’s duties and … Answer Location: California’s Plural Executive | The Constitutional Executive Officers . Section 6 authorizes a statute to allow the Governor to reorganize functions among state agencies other than the remaining constitutional offices (which are known as “Governor’s Reorganization Plans – GRPs”). • Who Makes the Rules for the Judiciary? There are two types of executive branch based on the power distribution, single executive and plural executive. The noun executive branch can be countable or uncountable.. Texas Plural Executive. He or she shall act as Governor during an impeachment, when the Governor is out of state, or the Governor has a temporary disability. Superintendent of Public Instruction. Texas utilizes a “plural executive” which means the power of the Governor are limited and distributed amongst other government officials. impact is a project of the nonpartisan Capital Center for Law & Policy at McGeorge School of Law. The California executive branch consists of elected officers and other offices and officers. • Direct Democracy and California’s Constitution Article II Liability to the public is more demanding due to potential punishment and defamation, making the leaders more responsible. In most instances, these agencies, departments, boards, and commissions have rule-making authority. “Line agencies” – these are the state agencies that report directly to the Governor, whose appointees are subject to a direct line of authority from the Governor’s Office and are appointed by him or her. Budgeting trends the executive panel, the plural executive that includes state legislators and state.... 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